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Мастерство съемки заката

Природа рисует картины лучше, чем любой художник. Поэтому их хочется запечатлеть. Закат – одна из таких картин, каждый раз прорисовываемая заново и уникально. Пейзажи с заходящим солнцем стараются снять как профессионалы, так и начинающие фотографы.

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Приведем несколько советов, как правильно фотографировать закат, чтобы получить красивую и качественную картинку.

Пара общих советов:                              

  1. Не пытайтесь сделать это без штатива. Он играет огромную роль в пейзажной фотографии. Облака движутся по небу, листья деревьев колыхаются на ветру и даже в полный штиль может пролететь пара птиц, которые сделают снимок интереснее. Будет досадно, если вместо этих элементов получатся смазанные пятна.
  2. Следует быть внимательнее с экспозицией. Лучше слегка затемнить кадр, чтобы избежать ненужных бликов и провалов. Однако следите, чтобы земля и все, что на ней, не ушли в глухой черный цвет.
  3. Следите за чистотой объектива: пятна и пыль могут стать большой проблемой при дальнейшей обработке фотографии.

Разумеется, этим не ограничиваются особенности съемки пейзажа в условиях заката. Рассмотрим их подробнее с разных сторон.

Как настроить фотокамеру

В каком режиме фотографировать, какую ставить выдержку, диафрагму и чувствительность ISO при съемке заката — довольно частый вопрос, который задают начинающие фотолюбители. Самыми эффективными параметрами при съемке заката будут:

  1. Режим приоритета диафрагмы (AV, A). Эксперты советуют закрыть диафрагму вплоть до значения f 22. Так можно получить художественный эффект расходящихся лучей. Детализация снимка при этом будет чуть ниже. Но тут придется выбирать между эффектностью и деталями.
  2. Установите выдержку на значение не менее 1/фокусное расстояние, так вы уменьшите вероятность размывания, если все же забыли штатив. Для объектива 50 мм оптимальной будет выдержка 1/50, для других выставляется по тому же принципу. При соблюдении режима приоритета диафрагмы аппарат сам выставляет выдержку. В случае получения пере- или недоэкспонированного кадра воспользуйтесь ручной настройкой экспозиции.
  3. ISO настройте на минимуме, позволяющем избежать эффект «шевеленки». Так вы удлините выдержку, но переходы между оттенками заката будут плавными и снизится уровень шума.
  4. Снимайте в RAW, если позволяет фотоаппарат. Так вы не потеряете нежные оттенки и переходы, которые могут исчезнуть при съемке в JEPG.
  5. При выставлении экспозиции не стоит наводить объектив на солнце, нужно выбрать место немного выше (солнце при этом не видно в видоискателе) и нажать наполовину кнопку спуска. Затем наведите объектив на планируемую сцену и нажмите на кнопку до конца.

Художественные эффекты в закатной съемке

Мы уже рассмотрели вопрос как сфотографировать закат с технической точки зрения, добавим пару слов о художественной стороне процесса.

  1. Включите дополнительные объекты в кадр, они сделают сюжет интереснее.
  2. Используйте съемку в режиме HDR, он сделает фото ярче и детальнее.
  3. Попробуйте поснимать в разную погоду или во время смены дождя и солнца. Уникальные световые и цветовые эффекты практически гарантированы.
  4. Не делите снимок на две части – земля и небо. Уделите закату 2/3 или 1/3 кадра.

Фотографии закатов имеют хороший спрос на различных фотостоках. Вы можете не только повысить свое мастерство, но и заработать на нем. На фотостоках работы продаются не по одному разу, поэтому каждая фотокарточка способна приносить регулярных доход пропорциональный ее востребованности.

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 Перед съемкой заката ознакомьтесь с книгами по художественной композиции, использованию света и тени в фотографии, постарайтесь больше узнать про экспозицию и выдержку.

Удачи и хороших снимков!

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Фотографируем автомобиль

Многие автовладельцы хотят иметь красивые фотографии своих автомобилей. Это может быть необходимо для продажи или просто желание хозяина авто.

Бесплатные стоковые фотографии | Несвиж

Публикую серию стоковых фотографий, сделанных мною лично в городе Несвиж и небольшую статью к фотографиям.

Как правильно фотографировать ногти

Фотосъёмка ногтей – дело не сложное. Но если вы хотите, чтобы ваши фото выглядели привлекательно, вам всё же придётся немного постараться.

Можно ли фотографировать товар в магазине

Часто мы хотим сфотографировать полюбившиеся туфельки в бутике и отправить фото подружке. Или же журналисты делают обзор цен в магазинах и снимают на фотоаппарат продукцию. А можно ли это делать?

Съемка цветов: советы начинающим фотографам

Фотографирование цветов – это огромный плацдарм для творчества, самовыражения и заработка на продаже фотографий. Казалось бы, эти растения настолько прекрасны, что снимки получатся идеальными сами по
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